Dog Urinary Infection
"Dog urinary infection may resolve itself without treatment or require veterinary care.. The infection may not immediately produce symptoms. The most common symptoms are problems urinating including frequency and strength of the urine stream. The most common cause is a bacterial infection although a fungal infection can be the cause, particularly if your dog is taking certain medications or is suffering from diabetes. Bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics and prevented by making minor changes in the way your care for your dog. Fungal infections will clear once the "trigger" is treated or medications your dog is taking are no longer needed.."
There are primarily two types of dog urinary infection. Bacteria is the most common cause, although it is possible that the infection is caused by fungus. The way the two types of infection is contracted, prevented and treated is different.
Dog Urinary Bacterial Infection
A bacterial infection enters the body through the urethra, the tube that caries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. As the bacteria colonizes in the urethra, it can spread up the urethra to the bladder. In cases of severe infection it can continue moving from the bladder through the ureters to the kidneys.
As surfaces in the urinary tract become infected, they become inflamed, causing the urethra to become narrower. As the passage narrows, it becomes more difficult to urinate and difficult for the urine the move bacteria and other substance such as crystals out of the body. As the crystals accumulate, they can cause stones to form.
Symptoms reflect this change in the urinary tract including painful urination, leaking, and reduced urine flow. Note that if you don't see your dog urinate for more than a day, then contact your veterinarian right away. Light blood in the urine could indicate that the infection has moved into the bladder and possible to the kidneys. Dark blood or a clot in the urine indicates a more serious problem that requires immediate treatment.
To treat this type of dog urinary infection and keep it from returning, the following needs to happen:
- Correct Urine Quality: the proper PH and urea concentration to prevent bacteria from living
- No Obstructions: the removal of any stones that are blocking passages or the surgical/medical correction of any deformities
- Urination Frequency: making sure your dog gets enough exercise and drinks enough water so that urination frequently empties the bladder
Treatment of Canine Urinary Infection - Bacteria
A bacterial infection can resolve itself naturally or will require intervention by a veterinarian. Your veterinarian will prescribe a course of antibiotics to treat the infection. Treatment lasts for 10 to 14 days. A follow up visit is required to ensure that the infection is gone. Stubborn infections could require longer courses of treatment.
To prevent future infections, assuming your dog doesn't have any other urinary problems such as stones, you can consider modifications to your dogs diet, exercise habits and possibly the addition of a homeopathic remedy designed to boost the urinary system.
Taking your dog for a walk helps to prevent dog urinary infection by encouraging your dog to urinate along the way. Urine is stored in the bladder. When it is emptied, any bacteria is flushed out. You can also try giving your dog some cranberry or citrus based juices. If your dog will drink them, they can help raise the acid level in the urine.
Homeopathic remedies such as PetAlive UTI-Free Formula uses a combination of herbal ingredients known to support urinary health such as the PH of urine and the immune system. While not a cure, strengthening your dog's own defenses may be of help, particularly if infection is a frequent problem.
Dog Urinary Fungal Infection
A fungal infection is different than a bacterial infection in that it is believed to come from inside your dog and is passed from the kidneys into the urinary system.
In most cases it is caused by a change in your dog's body brought on by disease such as diabetes mellitus or medications (steroids, antibiotics, chemotherapy). Once the "trigger" is treated or removed, the fungal infection will clear by itself.
If it doesn't, there are several prescription medications that are highly effective that will help.