Eye Drop forDog
"EyeDrop for Dog requires care in how they are administered. Differentdrops are recommended based on the underlying cause of the condition.Homeopathic drops or treatments might help."
Eye infections in dogs can be caused by a numberof things. Commonly they are caused by viral or bacterial infections,but they can also be caused by parasites, by foreign bodies in the eye,and by allergies.
Eye drop for dog are commonly used for treatmentof eye diseases.; A single eye drop lasts in effectiveness from 2 to 20minutes. Frequent treatment is needed to maintain drug levels.Typically, this requires treatment at least every 1-4 hours,
One drop is all that is needed when treating aneye. Droppers deliver a drop size of 25 to 75 microl, while the Canineeye “holds” 25 to 30 microl. Therefore, if you or the pet’s owner gives2 or more drops, then spillover will occur causing waste of medicationand increased systemic absorption.
If your veterinarian wants a higher concentrationof drug in the eye, then increase the frequency of administration ofthe drug (however, wait at least 5 minutes between drops). Yourveterinarian will either prescribe a higher concentration of the drug(e.g., 0.5% timolol instead of 0.25% timolol), or alter the eye or drugto improve ocular penetration (e.g., remove corneal epithelium,increase the pH of the drug).
Eye drop for dog are easy to use and there aremany drugs available in solution or suspension form. They work for awide range of canine eye diseases including perforations.
Ointments stay in the eye longer than drops so areusually applied less often.
How to Apply an Eye Drop for Dog or Ointment
While you might be concerned that giving your dog eye drops isdifficult, with a little practice it will quickly become second nature.Start with some eyewash on a cotton ball and clean the inner corner ofthe eye. Use a new cotton ball for each eye. If you are applyingointment or drops, do not touch the tip to the eye or your fingers.It's important that the tip remain sterile.
Most veterinarians will instruct you to either puta dot or 1/4inch of ointment in the eye or 2 drops of liquid.
Eye Drop for Dog Instructions
- Hold or muzzle your dog to keep the head steadyif your dog tends to squirm.
- See the instructions on the bottle for dosage.Shake if necessary.
- Use one hand to hold the bottle between thumband index and placethe other under your dog’s jaw to support the head.
- Tilt the head back and, to prevent blinking,use your free fingersto hold the eyelids open.
- Hold the bottle close to the eye but DON’Ttouch the eye’s surface.Keep the bottle about 2 inches from the eye.
- Squeeze the drops on tothe eyeball, then release the head.
- Your dog will blink, spreadingthe medication over the eye’s surface. If using ointment and it sticksto the tube, use the top of the eyelid you are holding open to push theointment off the tube. You can also pull down the lower lid, forming apocket for the ointment. As long as you get the ointment in the eye itwill melt and spread.
Immediately put the cap on the ointment or drops.If you are working with someone they can block your dog's front pawswith their forearm.
Eye Drop for Dog if Conjunctivitis
If you dog doesn't seem sick, isn't squinting or rubbing the eyes andthe only symptom is red eyes, then your dog probably has conjunctivitiscaused by irritants or allergies. Try flushing the eye with a plainsaline eyewash form the drugstore. Squirt large amounts of solution ineach eye and gently wipe with a clean tissue.
Use the saline 2x - 3x per day for up to two days.If the redness disappears and does not return, the problem is solved.If redness quickly comes back then make an appointment with yourveterinarian.
Symptoms WhenEye Drop for Dog is Needed
There are several types of eye infections in dogs.
- Conjunctivitis (pink eye)-Thetype of eye infection most often seen. Common symptoms are redness,mucus discharge.
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca-Dryeyes. Could cause ulcers in the eye.
- Uveitis- Dog eye symptomsinclude redness, light sensitivity (photophobia), blurred vision, andpain.
See your veterinarian if your dog is in pain,redness persists or if your dog is having vision problems.
When There isa Diagnosis For Eye Drop for Dog
Your vet will examine your dog’s eyes with an ophthalmoscope, a lightedmagnifying instrument for examining the eyes. He or she may take a swabof any discharge from your dog’s eyes to be examined under amicroscope.
Treatmentusing Eye Drop in DogOver the counter human products such as Visine should not be used as itis not made for dogs and at best will only provide temporary short termrelief. It will not treat the underlying cause of the redness.
Eye Drops forDog - Glaucoma
There are many kinds of eye treatments for glaucoma depending on thetype. Most are designed to reduce pressure in the eye.
- Humorsol (Demecarium bromide)
- ß -blocker:
- Timoptic (Timolol maleate)
- Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor (CAI) diuretic:
- Daranide (dichlorphenamide)
- Neptazane (methazolamide)
- Diamox (acetazolamide)
- Osmotic diuretic:
- Glycerine or glycerol
- Prostaglandin analog:
- Xalatan (latanoprost)
- Cholinesterase inhibitor:
- Demecarium bromi
Natural Treatment for Red or Swollen Dog Eyes
Natural remedies contain a blend of natural ingredients in an herbaltincture/mixture and will effectively treat and prevent eye infectionsin dogs as well as improve general eye and visual health. Commoningredients include:
- Arctium lappa (Burdock- )acleansing and herb and is excellent at detoxifying the tissues andremoving unwanted substances from the body. Stimulates functioning ofthe immune system and is very useful in the treatment of dry eyes andeye infections.
- Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary)-a topicalantiseptic/disinfectant and pain-relieving herb. Several of thecompounds in rosemary have also been shown to have anti-inflammatoryeffects.
- Chelidonium majus- booststhe immune system andcombat infections. Also known to sharpen sight, promote healing and actas an analgesic (pain killer).
- Filipendula ulmaria (Meadowsweet)-has a longhistory of herbal use and was prized by ancient Druids for itsmedicinal properties. Meadowsweet has astringent, antiseptic andanti-inflammatory properties and is excellent for soothing and healinginfections of the eyes and conjunctiva.
A good commercial source for herbal eye remediesis Pet Alive Eye-Heal - Natural treatment of bacterial conjunctivitis indogs.
Sources Eye Drop for Dog
Navigating the Myths and Folktales of Ocular Medication - Treatment ofCorneal and Ocular Surface Diseases
College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University,Raleigh, NC, USA.
Dunn, T. J. Jr. DVM
Brevitz, Betsy DVM
Hound Health Handbook