Guide to Dog Medicine
"Many common canine ailments such as pain,
vomiting and arthritis can be treated with dog medicine found in the
home. Many human products are "dog safe" if used as directed by a
veterinarian or according to the label of the medication. Know that
human medications are not approved for use in pets, but are safe is
Do not provide to your dog without consulting a veterinarian first.
Dogs with other health issues will need to adjust the levels described
Can Be IN An Oral, Pill Or Capsule Form
It goes without saying that before you give your pet any dog
should check with your Veterinarian. The Dog Health Guide
provides general information on prescription and over the counter dog
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a
Veterinarian or other pet health professional. Always tell your
veterinarian and veterinary pharmacist what other medications your dog
- 1 teaspoon = 5 ml
- 1 pound = .45 kg
We suggest that ff you have a specific question regarding your dog
and dog medicine, leave a question for our veterinarian using the form
at the bottom of this page. If you need an immediate response,
we suggest using this
veterinarian answer service that has Vets standing by 24
day to answer
questions for a small fee.
Allergy Medicine: Antihistamines and Homeopathic Remedies
- Dosage: 2 mg per pound of body weight orally every eight hours
- Side Effects: The side effects of hydroxyzine may include
sleepiness and sedation, lack of coordination, weakness, nausea and
Precautions: Do not use if your dog is
antihistamines. Use with caution in dogs with heart disease, glaucoma,
urinary obstruction or intestinal obstruction. Do not use in pregnant
or nursing dogs . Seek the advice of a veterinarian if using with with
other CNS depressant drugs such as acepromazine; monoamine oxidase
inhibitors (MAOIs) such as selegilene and Preventic collars;
anticholinergics such as atropine and metoclopramide; and medications
used for wheezing such as theophylline, epinephrine or ephedrine.
Relief Biscuits (K9 Cookie Crunch) and Allergy Itch Ease
K9 Cookie Crunch is a natural dog treat
formulated to assist with
allergies and skin
irritation. It is made with human-grade ingredients and
will help to support the skin. The same manufacture produces Allergy
Itch Ease, a natural combination of ingredients formulated to prevent
dog allergy related itch. Learn
Dogs like people suffer from sinusitis
symptoms such as nasal
discharge, nasal congestion and inflammation. There are homeopathic
remedies available that use non-addictive ingredients in a tablet form
that can be sprinkled on the dog's tongue or taken whole. The products
work by suing natural ingredients that help to strengthen the immune
system and the body's natural ability to fight this problem. It has the
added benefit of helping to prevent or reduce the frequency of sinus
infections. Products like Sinu-Rite
are worth a try.
- Dosage: Apply dog medicine on skin - dilute to .2 percent (2 ml
to 2 quarts of
tap water). Apply topically. Used for cleaning wounds.
- Dosage: Dilute to .05% (25 ml to 2 quarts, 1.9 to 1, tap water).
Apply to skin to clean wounds.
Arthritis and Pain Medicine: Analgesics and Anti-Inflammatory
pain medications range from over the counter to prescription
medications. The goal of dog medicine in pain management, such as when
canine Osteoarthritis (OA) is to reduce clinical signs, slow the
progression of the disease, and to improve the comfort of the patient.
and/or buffered): anti-inflammatory and analgesic, dog medicine is
given with food
- Dosage: 5mg per pound orally every 12 hours. Works out to 1 adult
tablet/60lbs with food,2-3 times/day. If it isn't helping, see your
veterinarian. Most pet stores sell aspirin made for dogs or buy it
online from Amazon.com.
- Side Effects: Possible side effects include vomiting and
diarrhea. If you see either side effect do not use and call your
- Precautions: Do not use if your dog is allergic to aspirin or or
other NSAIDs. If symptoms last more than 3 days, stop use and call your
For more information on this dog medicine download the dog
monograph (PDF Download) (1)
Acetaminophen (Tylenol): NEVER give your dog
since it is toxic to the liver. Do not use it as a dog medicine unless
under the direction of a veterinarian.
Ibuprofen (Nuprin, Motrin, Advil):
Ibuprofen is very toxic and fatal to dogs at low doses such as 1 human
tablet. Only aspirin is safe for dogs, and buffered aspirin or
ascriptin is preferred to minimize stomach upset. Ibuprofen and
acetaminophen when prescribed under the direction of a veterinarian for
dogs is in minuscule dosages (Acetaminophen at 15 mg/kg and Ibuprofen
at 10 mg/kg to avoid liver and kidney damage.
There are natural agents called DMOAs
or disease-modifying osteoarthritis agents that help dogs with
osteoarthritis by improve the function of bone cartilage or fluid
(synovial fluid, a fluid that lubricates the joints). These products
include glucosamine (a substance the is naturally found in a dogs body)
and Chondroitin sulfate (CS). Studies are inconsistent, with some
showing improvement in relieving some arthritis symptoms in humans.
Both are found in dog foods that promote joint health, although there
are no studies that support their use at levels in food. There are also
other ingredients that have some support for use.
Natural products such as Devil's claw,
sulphate, Calc fluor (6C), Nat phos (6C) and Nat sulphuricum (6C) all
have properties that when combined provide natural support for dog
joint and muscle movement. Glucosamine sulphate in particular is
supported by multiple clinical studies and is approved in 70 countries
as being used for cartilage support. Muscle
and Joint combines all of these ingredients in one
There are several pharmacological types
of dog pain medicine. These include:
Anti inflammatory properties, reduces fever, analgesic
There are 6 approved anti-inflammatory
and non steroidal
(NSAIDs) for use in Osteoarthritic dogs. Clinical support for these
medications are based on clinical studies that measured relief over a
time period ranging
from 7 to 60 days. Each dog medicine can cause side
effects such as kidney, liver, blood cell creation (hematopoietic
systems) and gastrointestinal problems.
Medications/Types (approved by the FDA
(Remadyl®) - side effects in Black Labs, fewer side effects in other
(Etogesic®) - 1x daily administration
(Metacam®) - liquid and well tolerated
The Following Are Not approved in the U.S. for use with dogs
(Banamine®) - some gastrointestinal side
(Ketoprofen®) - not licensed for dogs
in U.S., approved for dogs in Europe and Canada, injectable
- Gastrointestinal upset (vomiting, diarrhea, ulcers, stomach
- kidney toxicity
- Impaired platelet function
Opioids: Effective sedative
General Dog Opiod Side Effects:
Respiratory problems (effects the cough center)
Gastrointestinal problems (vomiting, defecation
Excitabiity (panting, vocalization, noise sensitivity)
: decreases dog pain by
- Side Effects
- Polyphagia (excessive eating)
- Cataracts and Glaucoma
- Gastric Ulcers
- Delayed wound healing
- Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings)
- Insulin Resistance
- Liver disease (Hepatopahty)
- Synovi (oral)
- Glycoflex Adequan
- Fentanyl (available in a patch, lasts for 3 days, side
effects if used in excessive amounts)
- Buprenorphine - Buprenex®
- Naloxone - used to reverse effects of opiods/opiates
Alpha-2 Agonists: work by
decreasing nervous system
in area, referred to as thiazine. It is a potent sedative and a good
- Xylazine - Rompun®
- Medetomidine - Domitor®,
- Side Effects:
- Slow heartbeat (Bradycardia)
- Cardiac disturbances
applied to the neck, shoulders or thorax. It is
applied 12 to 24 hours before surgery and lasts up to 3 days.
Cough Remedies: Suppressants and Expectorants
Expectorant (to help with mucus):
Strength Cough Syrup
- Dosage: 1 teaspoon per 20 pounds orally every 4 hours as needed.
- Caution: Check the label to make sure the medicine does not
contain ibuprofen or acetaminophen. Look for products containing
Guaifenesin and/or Dextromethorphan
Dm, Benylin Expectorant
(destromethorphan) or Siltussin DM (Silarx)
Look for products
containing Guaifenesin (100mg) and Dextromethorphan. While
these products are not approved
for veterinary use by the FDA they are common practice in the
- Dosage:(10mg) per teaspoonful..5 to 1 mg per pound (or 1 teaspoon
per 20 pounds) orally every 6 hours. The dose for Robitussin DM in
small dogs is 1/2 teaspoon every 4 hours. The usual dose in large dogs
is 1 teaspoonful every 4 hours.
- Side effects:Number 1 side effect is sleepiness. If your dog
shows other symptoms such as dry heaves and shows changes in behavior
such as lethargic behavior, take your dog to the Emergency Room or
veterinarian as soon as possible.
- Precautions:Do not use these products with an MAO inhibitor such
as Anipryl (selegiline) or Preventic Tick Collar.
is a homeopathic remedy formulate to relieve symptom such as could,
watery eyes and sneezing. It decreases recovery time from respiratory
infections and helps to prevent colds by strengthening a dog's immune
system. It works by combining ingredients such as Calc sulph, and
Verbascum to support natural breathing.
Dog Liquid Medicine Is Squirted Into
the Mouth With A Dropper
Digestive System Medications
Milk of Magnesia (magnesium hyroxide), Mylanta, Maalox (magnesium hydroxide)
- Dosage: 2 to 5 ml per pound orally every 4 to 6 hours (antacid)
or 7 to 25 ml. per pound orally once only (laxative)
- Dosage: 1 mg per pound of body weight. Oral or injected. 1x or 2x
- Dosage: .25 to .5 mg per pound of body weight. Taken orally 1x
- Dosage: 150 mg to 300 mg per pound of body weight. Taken with
food. Provide daily, divide dose over several meals given throughout
- Dosage: 10 mg per pound of body weight, taken orally 2x to 3x
- Dosage: 1 teaspoon per 11 to 22 pounds of body weight. Add to
food. Provide 1x per day, only for short term use unless advised by a
Natural Moves for Pets
Moves for pets promotes a healthy digestive system and
regular bowel movements. It contains Psyllium husk, oat straw and cape
aloe for their beneficial effects on dog digestive health.
Dog Diarrhea Medicine:
See our guide to dog
diarrhea medicine. It's best to check a stool sample for
parasites first. If there is no
vomiting, try a bland diet of broiled or boiled hamburger or chicken
and rice for a few days. You can also use kaopectate, Pepto Bismol, and
on large dogs, Imodium (2mg/60-80lbs). If there is vomiting or blood in
the stool, it's better to take your dog to the veterinarian.
- Dosage: 1 ml per pound (or 1 to 2 teaspoons per 10 pounds) every
Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate),
- Dosage: .5 to 1.5 ml per pound of body weight orally every 12
and Pectin (caution do not use formulations that contain
salicylates) - for persistent diarrhea
- Dosage: 1/2 to 1 ml per pound of body weight (1 to 2 teaspoons
per 10 pounds of body weight). Taken orally every 6 hours.
For Regular Bowel Movements:
Many dogs have trouble maintaining
bowel, digestive health and cholesterol in a normal range. In nature,
wild dogs would achieve balance by seeking out those foods and remedies
by instinct. In captivity, dogs may need a little help from products
formulated to replicate this outdoor experience. Ingredients such as
Licorice and Marshmallow (Altheaea officinalis) are known for their
ability to remedy digestive health.
Products to consider include Digestive
- Dosage: 10 to 50 ml. per dog, add to food
(compressed activated charcoal)
- Dosage: 1.5 gm tablet per 10 pounds, keep at least 30 tablets
problems can be due to parasites, infectious diseases, foreign bodies,
and inflammation. The most common reason is when a foreign body or
something else that shouldn't have been eaten is digested. If vomiting
is occasional and the dog is acting normally, try no food or water for
several hours. Once vomiting has stopped, provide and small amounts of
water at a time or an ice cube. Click link for more information
bland diet options.
You can also try Kaopectate or Pepto
bismal at 1 Tbsp/30 lbs 3-4
times. If the vomiting continues, see your veterinarian.
How to make a Dog Vomit:
Only make your dog vomit if what was
swallowed is not caustic (acidic)
or sharp (i.e.tennis ball, chocolate) and if swallowed within a half
Hydrogen Peroxide (3%):
- Dosage: 1 teaspoon per 10 pounds orally, may repeat every 15 to
30 minutes (3 times only). 1/4 to 1/2 cup depending on size of dog.
For dog pills,
drop the capsule or pill far back over the tongue. Then close the
mouth. Quickly blow on the nose which will encourage the dog to
swallow. If you use your index finger and thumb to push the pill back,
be careful due to the risk of being bitten.(2)
- Dosage: 2 to 4 mg per pound orally every eight hours
Skin and Coat
and Coat Tonic
There is an exhaustive list of ailments that can result in skin
and coat problems. One approach is to add a supplement to
dog's diet that is formulated to improve coat and skin appearance.
Natural ingredients such as Bladderwrack, Dandelion, Horsetail, Kali
sulph, Lactose and Spirulina have various levels of clinical support
for their effectiveness.
and Coat Tonic for details, additional information on
and descriptions of clinical support behind each ingredient.
Before treating dog worms, it is important to identify the type of
worm that is the source of the problem. See our guide to dog
worms for pictures and details.
the Counter Medications
A dog medicine for worms is specific to the type of worm your dog has.
Popular dog medicine options include:
This product is for the control and treatment of roundworms, tapeworms,
hookworms and whipworms.
It is puppy safe over age 6 weeks, heartworm infected dogs and pregnant
female dogs. The product mixes into food and is provided for 3
(fenbendazole): Can be mixed with the dog's usual food to treat
tapeworms, hookworms, roundworms and whipworms. The typical dose is The
usual dose for dogs is one packet, based on weight, 1x a day for 3
: Tapeworms are long thin white worms found at the dog's
Tapeworm tabs are specifically formulated to kill this type of dog
It is the only over the counter product that contains praziquantel as
that active ingredient.
Evict is a FDA approved dog worm medicine that removes large roundworms
and hookworms from puppies and dogs. Importantly, the product also
: This product is a natural alternative to the
dewormers. It contains multiple ingredients known to help dogs
naturally expel parasites such as tapeworm, heartworm and roundworm.
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We will do our best to get back to you quickly (depends on how many questions we receive each day). If you do require an immediate response we suggest using this online dog veterinary service that is available now.
What Other Visitors Have Asked and Suggested
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References for Dog Medicine:
1) American Academy of Veterinary Pharmacology and
2) Giving Oral
Medications to Dogs
, Washington State University College of
Canine First Aid Workshop
August 8, 1999, Standish, Maine
Presented by VMD Eve Knowles
The Hound Health Book
Betsy Brevitz, DVM
Pain Management for Canine Osteoarthritis
Hill’s Pet Nutrition, Inc., Topeka, KS, USA.
Researched by: Jeff Grill