Demodectic (Red) Mange Treatment
Table of Contents
There are two forms of red mange in dogs; localized and generalized. The symptoms and treatment options are described below.
Localized Red Mange
This is primarily seen in dogs that are
1 year old. The disease is confused with ringworm since they have a
similar appearance. Most cases cause the appearance of hairless patches on the dog's face. 90% of cases in puppies heal on their own with no treatment. Approximately 10% of localized demodectic mange cases spread over the dog's body, becoming generalized cases.
Characteristics of localized demodectic mange are:
- Involvement of no more than 2 areas of the dog's body (usually face and leg)
- Under 5 round hairless spots or patches on the dog's body
Localized Demodectic Mange Treatment
No treatment is needed in 90% of cases. To speed healing an ointment made for treating demodectic mange such as Goodwinol Ointment may be of help. Don't be concerned if rubbing ointment into the skin worsens the appearance from rubbing or by breaking nearby hair. A topical antibiotic may be needed to treat any signs of infection . If you don't see improvement within 1 month see a Veterinarian. You may need to supplement treatment with a dip or other product such as Naturasil.
Length of treatment: 1 month to see results (with ointment or no treatment), 3 months for total cure
Generalized Mange in Dogs
Mange that is generalized is
present with there are 5 or more spots. Hair loss usually occurs all over the body, including the head, legs and body. Generalized mange is an inherited condition, with a prohibition against breeding any dog that has suffered from the disorder. If the skin itches or has a bad odor, it indicates the presence of infection.
Generalized case of dog red mange on face
Generalized Demodectic Mange Treatment
Adults that suffer from demodectic red mange usually have some type of underlying condition which is depressing the immune system. A veterinarian should be consulted who can check the dog for hormone problems, cancer or some type of kidney or liver disease. Treatment utilizes products that contain Ivermectin. which is available as a topical and oral medication. Note that herding breeds such as Collies have a sensitivity to Ivermectin eliminating the use of this medication. There is an Ivermectin sensitivity test available or a Veterinarian might test a low dose before using at the recommended dose.
An alternative for Collies is the medication Promeris, which is a combination of metaflumazone and amitraz. Promeris has shown mixed results, only being effective in some dogs.
The secondary method for treating demodectic red mange is using a prescription dip such as Mitaban (active ingredient in Amitraz).
Another alternative is to use a heartworm preventative that you can get from your veterinarian.
Demodectic Mange Home Treatment:
Owners looking for an over the counter demodectic mange home treatment can try an over the counter-lime-sulfur based solution dig such as Naturasil. The product is combined with the dog shampoo you already use and then applied to your pet. The solution is left on your dog for 5 to 7 minutes, followed by a rinse. The product is used very 5 to 7 days, 2x to 3x. Improvement should be seen in days.
A homeopathic such as Skin and Coat Tonic can be used for added support during recovery.
Treatment for Younger Dogs: Puppies by their very age have a immune system that hasn't fully developed. A veterinarian will recommend either a prescription or over the counter (Naturasil) treatment method.
Prognosis after Demodectic Mange Treatment:
Ivermecitin and dips may only control demodectic red mange. Dogs should be tested for mites every two weeks to determine when product use can be stopped or reduced. Dogs that relapse tend to have ended treatment too early. If relapse does occur, it is usually within 6 to 12 months after treatment has stopped.
Mites located at the bottoms of the feet and paws are particularly difficult to treat. Often this is the last area of the body affected by mane while a dog is recovering. This form of mange affects dog paws. The condition results in mange and skin infection. This type of demodectic mange treatment is the same as other forms of demodectic mange and has a higher incidence in the Shar pei and Sheepdog.
Mange and Humans
The mite that causes demodectic mange does not spread to people.
Removing Mange Mites from your HomeEven if the mange mites no longer live on your pet, they could be alive in the rooms where your dog lives. To avoid a re-occurence of the canine mange problem, it's important to use a miticide in your home designed to kill mites. We recommend Benzarid since it is both safe and highly effective when used indoors. They also sell a power steamer for remove and kill mange mites from patio or outdoor areas. Be sure to wash your dogs belongings in a good detergent as well.
References Demodectic Mange Treatment
Doctors Book of Home Remedies for Dogs and Cats