Guide to Food Poisonous To Dogs

Quicklinks to Info On Food Poisonous To Dogs

There are many human foods that are poisonous for dogs. These are often accidentally consumed when a dog finds candy in a pocket book or left on a counter. They are also known to eat toxic foods when rummaging through garbage, exposing dogs to poisonous foods as well as bacteria, mold and endotoxins (contained in bacterial cells that enter the dog). The best approach is to avoid feeding human foods to dogs.

food poisonous to dogs
Ingredients in Foods Such As Avocado, Caffeine and the Artificial Sweetener Xylitol Are All In Foods Poisonous to Dog

Click on the links below for information on specific types of food toxic to dogs.

List of Dog Food Poisons and Ingredients



One or more of the following symptoms are exhibited by a dog suffering from ingesting food poisonous to dogs. For details on symptoms associated with a specific type of food, click on it using the list above. In general, symptoms of associated with food poisonous to dogs includes:

  • appearing listless, lethargy
  • diarrhea  (common)
  • vomiting (common) or retching
  • bad breath
  • abdominal pain (gastrointestinal upset, dog will show a hunched posture when picked up)
  • blood in the dog stool
  • bloat (dangerous condition that makes the stomach hard to the touch due to gas buildup, must be treated immediately)
  • lack of coordination
  • hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
  • irregular or rapid heart beat
  • muscle tremors or spasms
  • joint pain, lameness, stiffness, lack of coordination
  • pale gums
  • behavioral change (excitement, depression)
  • increase in urination
  • respiratory problems (faster or slower breathing)
  • dilated pupils
  • seizures

Since the symptoms are similar for multiple types of food poisonous to dogs, see your veterinarian if you see any of the aforementioned symptoms. Cases of severe poisoning can result in death so take immediate action.

General Treatment of Dog Food Poisoning

If you believe your dog has eaten food from the garbage (or a dead animal that was in the garbage), the best advice is to immediately induce vomiting. Consult with a veterinarian or emergency poisoning hot line before inducing vomiting to confirm that this is the best course of action for your dog.

How to Induce Vomiting in Dogs:

  1. 1. Use hydrogen peroxide (3% solution)
  2. Provide 1 teaspoon (5 ml) for every 10 pounds of body weight (4.5 kg). 
  3. Repeat 3x if needed, in 15 to 20 minute intervals (stop after vomiting occurs, no more than 3 doses of hydrogen peroxide)

Syrup of Ipecac is not recommended.

To restore stomach health you can use Pepto-Bismol (bismuth subsalicylate) every 12 hours for 2 days. The dog pepto-bismal dosage is .5 to 1.5 ml per pound of body weight. Check with your veterinarian to confirm the recommended dosage for your dog. The Pepto can be administered via a syringe. Tablets are an acceptable alternative. As your dog recovers from food poisoning, you can provide added support with a natural supplement such as Detox Plus.

Also provide water to restore hydration.


ASPCA Food Poisonous to Dogs (PDF Download)

Dog Toxic Foods (PDF Download)

Foods That Are Toxic to Dogs (PDF Download from Bethlehem Veterinary Hospital)

Food Toxic to Dogs (PDF Download)

Dog Food Poison Helplines:

Pet Poison Helpline: 1.800.213.6680 (There will be a charge for each call via credit card)
ASPCA Poison Helpline: (888) 426-4435 ($65 charge per call)

To ask questions for free on a non-emergency basis, enter your question here and our veterinarian will reply on a first come first served basis. Do not use this free service for emergency recommendations.

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