Fungal Skin Infection In Dogs

Table of Contents

Types & Symptoms | Diagnosis | Treatment | Q&A


"This type of canine skin infection is caused by multiple types of fungi, with the most common type referred to as dog ringworm.

The most common symptom is the development of skin lesions which appear as round hairless patches of skin with rough edges. It looks as if the dog hair has broken off at the base or has been shaved down.

Dog skin lesions are seen all over a dog, but primarily appear on the ears, head, tail and on the front of the paws. Skin areas tend to look pale in color."


Canine fungal skin infection is most often contracted by contact with fungal spores found in soil. Sometimes dogs get fungal infections from other animals or, more rarely, even from humans.

Canine Fungal Skin Infection
Picture of Canine Ringworm
Canine Ringworm

Types and Symptoms of Fungal Infection

Different types of canine fungal skin infection will have different symptoms:

  • Dog Ringworm (dermatophytosis) - Dog ringworm is the most common canine skin fungus. It looks like a red circle with pale centers. Despite the name, there are no worms involved; the disease gets its name from its appearance. It should be noted that people can catch ringworm from animals, so if your dog has ringworm, watch for symptoms on your own skin.
Canine Ringworm on Dog's Nose
Canine Ringworm
  • Yeast infection (Malassezia) - another common infection. It causes red, scaly skin that may also appear greasy. It is often smelly as well. It is itchy and will cause your dog to scratch.

  • Blastomycosis - less common. It is a systemic infection that causes respiratory problems, generalized weakness, a poor appetite, and even blindness. One of the first signs of the illness, however, may be round, oozing sores on the skin. The sores may crust over.

  • Histoplasmosis - is another less common fungal infection. Like blastomycosis, it is a systemic infection and causes weight loss, cough, fever and diarrhea. It causes enlarged lymph nodes that may feel like lumps on the sides of your dog’s neck and in the “arm pits.” Sores may also appear on the skin.

Diagnosis of Fungal Skin Infections

Different types of fungal skin infections will also be diagnosed in different ways.

Ringworm can usually be diagnosed just by looking at the skin. If needed, your vet can examine the skin under a special ultraviolet light called a woods light.

Your vet may be able to diagnose a yeast infection just by looking at it. To be sure, your vet may rub a cotton swab on the infected area and examine it under a microscope.

Blastomycosis can be diagnosed by examining secretions from the sores under a microscope.

Histoplasmosis is diagnosed by blood tests.

Treating Fungal Skin Infection In Dogs

Fungal infections in dogs are usually treated with a combination of anti-fungal drugs, topical medications and anti-fungal medicated shampoos. Shaving your dog’s fur around the affected area may also help the healing process. When handling a dog with ringworm you must protect yourself with gloves, and wearing an apron or clothing that you wash subsequent to handling the pet. Ringworm on people can affect skin anywhere your body.

Magnified View: Dog Ringworm Spores
Magnified View of Dog Ringworm Spores
For dog ringworm, natural remedies such as Dermisil for Ringworm have a solid track record for treating the condition.

As part of the treatment plan, you should use a vacuum (that has a filter) to remove any skin and hair from areas where your dog roams, as this is what the fungus spores feed on. Use a disinfectant that contains benzalkonium chloride such as Benzarid to kill any spores, since fungus spores can live for up to 18 months possibly reinfecting your pet. Other options include chlorine bleach - dilute (1:10) - , or strong detergents. Note that products containing Chlorhexidine have not proven to be effective as an environmental cleaner.

Identifying the source of the infection is important so that you can protect your dog from becoming re-infected. Since the source is usually soil, think about where the dog has been digging lately. Short of having the soil tested for fungal spores (an expensive and not widely available option for most people), the best you can do is to provide a new area for digging or to provide new activities to occupy your pet.

Ask a Question or Share Your Story

Have A Question or Story About Dog Ringworm or Other Canine Fungal Infections?

Do you have a Dog Ringworm or Canine Fungus related Question for our Editors or a Helpful Story to Share? Please include information such as age, sex, breed, medical history, skin and other symptoms, medications your dog is taking, recent changes in behavior, etc. A picture of the condition would also be helpful.

We will do our best to get back to you quickly (depends on how many questions we receive each day). If you do require an immediate response we suggest using this online dog veterinary service that is available now.

What Other Visitors Have Said

Click below to see contributions from other visitors to this page...

Dog Fungal infection with Hair Loss Not rated yet
Reader Question: Treatment for a Dog Fungal Skin Infection Accompanied by Hair Loss I am fostering a 12 yr. old Chocolate Lab from my shelter who …

Dog Staph Infections? Not rated yet
8 year old neutered male dachshund developed itchy, crusty sores with hair loss and small pustules. Given Simplicef by vet, cleared up, then came back …

Fungal Infection on Puppy Face Not rated yet
Reader Question: Dog Fungal Infection I am taking home a 3 month old baby Pomeranian with a fungal infection, which was just explained to me. The …

Click here to write your own.


Carmichael, L.
Recent Advances In Canine Infectious Diseases

Scott, D. W., Miller, W. H., Griffin, C. E.
Muller and Kirk’s Small Animal Dermatology

Merck Veterinary Manual