Advice For Treating Arthritis In Dogs
Table of Contents
"Unfortunately, treating arthritis in dogs is necessary in about 1
in 5 pets over the age of 1. The most common type is osteoarthritis,
which is also referred to as osteoarthrosis, degenerative arthritis or
degenerative joint disease (DJD). Other types include
immune-mediated (canine rheumatoid arthritis, plasmacytic-lymphocytic
synovitis and Idiopathic polyarthritis) and infectious arthritis.
Causes of osteoarthritis are either unknown (idiopathic) or is triggered by secondary causes such as bone abnormalities, hip dysplasia or other inherited problems. Immune related arthritis is thought to start with the tissue around the joints. Infectious arthritis is the result of a bacterial infection.
The disease results in the breaking down of joint cartilage. The result is bones that can rub together, joint pain and increasing levels of joint damage. Specific problems include thinning cartilage, bony outgrowths around the joint and fluid buildup. Byproducts are symptoms such as swelling, joint scarring, restricted motion and varying degrees of lameness and stiffness.
Dogs at higher risk include working dogs, over weight dogs, extremely active dogs or those that have one of the disorders that affect cartilage or collagen in the joints.
When seen in young dogs, it is usually due to some type of congenital problem such as elbow or hip dysplasia.
The treatment goal is to improve the quality of life by slowing down the progression of the disease with medications, surgery and supplements while addressing any symptoms."