Hypoglycemia is a condition where your dog's blood sugar level is below normal.
Puppies are most likely to suffer from the condition. When the body needs energy it first looks for fat. Since puppies are lean the body then turns to glucose or sugar in the bloodstream for energy. If your puppy has not eaten enough or if the liver is not yet fully developed, then he or she could suffer from hypoglycemia.
Toy breeds are particularly susceptible since they are both lean and small.
If your dog acts strangely after eating be sure to consult your veterinarian since your dog may have a liver problem such as portosystemic shunt (problem with the blood vessels that lead to the liver).
Symptoms of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
Dogs that are acting weak, become unresponsive, or staggering are probably suffering from low blood sugar. If the problem is severe your puppy could lose consciousness or have a seizure.
Diagnosis and Home Treatment of Hypoglycemia in Dogs
If you suspect that your puppy or older dog is suffering from hypoglycemia, take some Karo syrup or other liquid that is sugar-rich (honey), and rub some on your dog's tongue or gums. These surfaces can absorb the sugar.
In active or working dogs, consider several small meals throughout the day instead of two large meals. This way the body is receiving constant replenishment vs. the peaks and valleys of infrequent feeding.
If your dog is unconscious or suffered from a seizure it is still ok to rub the syrup or honey on the gums. For a puppy use approximately 1/4 of a teaspoon.
Then, call your vet immediately and describe the symptoms to ensure that no further diagnosis and treatment is needed. If the problem is recurrent the vet will want to be sure blood sugar levels are monitored, as well as rule out any underlying causes.
If your dog continually has problems regulating blood sugar, ask your veterinarian about natural dietary supplements such as PetAlive GlucoBalance. This supplement contains minerals such as chromium picolinate which is believed to have a positive impact on glucose regulation.